:: Ahlan wa Sahlan wa Marhaban Bikum ::

Wednesday, November 11, 2009

Penyakit-penyakit Jantung

Outline for cardiovascular disease (diterjemahkan sebagai penyakit-penyakit jantung) :

PRESENTING PROBLEMS

1. Chest pain

a. Chronic episodic chest pain

-angina pectoris
-oesophageal pain
-bronchospasm
-musculoskeletal chest pain
-anxiety-related chest pain

b. Acute chest pain

-acute coronary syndromes
-arrythmia
-aortic dissection
-massive pulmonary embolism
-myocarditis & pericarditis

2. Breathlessness (dyspnoea)

3. Syncope and presyncope
-arrythmias
-structural heart disease
-vasovagal syncope
-carotid sinus hypersensitivity
-postural hypotension

3. Palpitation

4. Ankle swelling

5. Abnormal heart sounds and murmurs

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

A)DISORDERS OF HEART RATE, RHYTM AND CONDUCTION

1. Sinus rhythms

2. Tachyarrhythmias

3. Atrial tachyarrhythmias

4. Supraventricular tachycardias

5. Ventricular tachyarrhythmias

6. Cardiac arrest

7. Bradyarrhythmias

B) CORONARY HEART DISEASE

1. Stable angina

2. Unstable angina

3. Myocardial infarction (MI)

C) VASCULAR DISEASE

-Peripheral arterial disease (PAD)

D) DISEASES OF THE AORTA

-abdominal aortic aneurysms
-thoracic aortic aneurysm
-aortic dissection

E) HYPERTENSION

F) HEART FAILURE

G) DISEASES OF THE HEART VALVES

-acute rheumatic fever

-chronic rheumatic heart disease

-mitral stenosis

-mitral regurgitation

-aortic stenosis

-aortic regurgitation

-tricuspid valve disease

-pulmonary valve disease

-infective endocarditis

H) CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE

-atrial septal defect

-ventricular septal defect

-persistent ductus arteriosus

-coarctation of aorta

-eisenmenger's syndrome

-tetralogy of fallot

-adult congenital heart disease

I) DISEASES OF THE MYOCARDIUM

-acute myocarditis

-dilated cardiomyopathy

-hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

-restrictive cardiomyopathy

J) DISEASES OF THE PERICARDIUM

-acute pericarditis

-pericardial effusion

-chronic obstructive pericarditis

3 comments:

jalani hidup apaadanya said...

terimkasih ilmunya sahabat

ASYIQ said...

alahai...byknya istilah perubatan.

Faham sikit2 je. Doktor gigi pun kena study bab jantung ke?

lama tak datang sini.
harap2 afzan sihat2 aje.

Azan Subuh said...

to jalani hidup apadanya:

sama2 sahabat.

to kak asyiq:

kene kak,kami pun kene posting medicine jugak macam budak medic utk tempoh tertentu dlm tahun 3 ni...

saya sihat2 saje,alhamdulillah.harap kak pun.terima kasih berkunjung...xde pape yang menarik di blog saya ni kak.

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