:: Ahlan wa Sahlan wa Marhaban Bikum ::

Monday, November 9, 2009

Respiratory Diseases

Ini adalah outline untuk respiratory diseases...Moga-moga akan dapat difahami dan diingati oleh akal dan hati.

p.s: Banyak juga penyakit pernafasan ni disebabkan/diburukkan lagi oleh merokok. Jadi jangan hisap rokok ye. Anda mampu mengubahnya :)

Entah kanak-kanak mana yang melukisnya, namun tepat sekali! Saya jumpa di internet.

RESPIRATORY DISEASES

PRESENTING PROBLEMS

1. Cough/Batuk
2. Breathlessness (Dyspnoea)/ Sesak nafas
3. Chest pain/ Sakit dada
4. Haemoptysis/ Batuk berdarah
5. The solitary radiographic pulmonary lesion
6. Pleural effusion
7. Sleep-disordered breathing (nocturnal cough/wheeze)
8. Respiratory failure

DISEASES

1. OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASES

1. Asthma
2. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
3. Bronchiectasis
4. Cystic fibrosis

2. INFECTIONS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEMS

1)Upper respiratory tract infections
-acute coryza
-acute laryngitis
-acute laryngo-tracheobronchitis
-acute epiglottis
-acute bronchitis and tracheitis
-influenza

2)Pneumonia
-community-acquired pneumonia
-hospital-acquired pneumonia
-suppurative and aspiration pneumonia
-pneummnia in the immunocompromised patient
-severe acute respiratory distress syndrome

3)Tuberculosis

3. RESPIRATORY DISEASE CAUSED BY FUNGI
-aspergillosis

4. TUMOUR OF THE BRONCHUS AND LUNG
-bronchial carcinoma
-carcinoid tumour
-secondary tumours of the lung
-tumours of the mediastinum

5. INTERSTITIAL AND INFILTRATIVE PULMONARY DISEASE

1) diffuse parenchymal lung disease
-sarcoidosis
-idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

2) hypersensitivity pneumonitis

3) lung disease due to inorganic dusts
-coal worker's pneumoconiosis
-silicosis
-asbestosis

4) lung diseases due to systemic inflammatory disease
-acute respiratory distress syndrome
-respiratory involvement in connective tissue disorders

5) pulmonary eosinophilia and vasculitides

6) lung diseases due to drugs and radiation

6. PULMONARY VASCULAR DISEASE
-venous thromboembolism
-pulmonary hypertension

7. DISEASES OF THE NASOPHARYNX, LARNYX AND TRACHEA

1) Diseases of the nasopharynx
-allergic rhinitis

2) Laryngeal disorders
-laryngeal paralysis
-laryngeal obstruction

3) Tracheal disorders
-tracheal disorders
-tracheo-oesophageal fistula

8. DISEASES OF THE PLEURA, DIAPHRAGM AND CHEST WALL

1) Diseases of the pleura
-pleurisy
-pleural effusion
-empyema
-spontaneous pneumothorax
-asbestos-related pleural disease

2) Disease of the diaphragm
-congenital disorders
-acquired disorders

3) Deformities of the chest wall
-thoracic kyphoscoliosis
-pectus excavatum
-pectus carinatum

3 comments:

fiey_ahmad said...

salam sahibul..macam ada gelombang je kita ni kan..kita pon baru post pasal lung cancer, dengan harapan dapat gtau semua org "NO SMOKING"..
tadi pekse oncology nursing..walaupun xde kuar lung cancer tapi best jugk dapat share ngn org lain kan..

um. masyitah said...

Salam sahibul
Katakan Tak Nak kepada rokok.

Azan Subuh said...

to fiey:

wsalam...ha ah la fiey...kebetulan pulak entry kite ni related to each other.tengah study pasal respi ni,tu masuk blog tajuk ni...at least,bila pandang selalu, jadi semangat sikit nak study...smoking tu memang bahaya...sape2 yang masih merokok baik bersara la...cuba,walaupun pyh, insya Allah.

to um.masyitah:

wsalam...betul tu :)

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